Spring Copper

Tomares ballus, (Fabricius, 1787).

first update d. 1 december 2013

last update d. 2 december 2013

Aragon Candasnos, Spain d. 23 march 2013. Photographer; Arne Lykke ViborgSpring Copper, Tomares ballus. Aragon Candasnos, Spain d. 23 march 2013. Photographer; Martin BjergSpring Copper, Tomares ballus. Aragon Candasnos, Spain d. 23 march 2013. Photographer; Martin BjergSpring Copper, Tomares ballus. Aragon Candasnos, Spain d. 23 march 2013. Photographer; Martin BjergSpring Copper, Tomares ballus on Platycapnos spicata. Aragon Candasnos, Spain d. 23 march 2013. Photographer; Martin BjergSpring Copper, Tomares ballus. Aragon Candasnos, Spain d. 23 march 2013. Photographer; Martin BjergSpring Copper, Tomares ballus. Tarragona El Perelló, Spain d. 24 march 2013. Photographer; Martin Bjerg

Spring Copper, Tomares ballus (Fabricius, 1787) It is found in the Iberian Peninsula, Northern Africa and along the Mediterranean coast of Provence, France.

Another name: Provence Hairstreak or Cardenillo.

Habitat: Dry rocky slopes with sparse vegetation, debris, beams, ravines.

Behavior: Usually sits on the soil or small stones, sometimes feeds on flowers, on favorit in Spain are Platycapnos spicata. Males are territory-assertive, that is, they either fly up and chase anyone who dares to enter the territory, or they fly into the whirling "dance-flight" around each other high into the air in a sort of territory battle. Females are less flying around, often seen on the flowers of nectary, or lay eggs on foodplants.

Flight season: Depending on the height above sea level, the season is from the end of January until early May.

Foodplants: Caterpillars which feed on Hairy Canary Clover, Dorycnium hirsutum and different Medicago species.

Distribution: Iberian Peninsula, Northern Africa and along the Mediterranean coast of Provence, France.

Author & Photographer: Martin Bjerg & Arne Lykke Viborg. Editor: Lars Andersen.

_____________________________________________________________________________________________

Caucasian Spring Copper

Tomares callimachus, (Eversmann, 1848).

first update  d. 8 may 2009

last update d. 13 may 2009

Locality of Caucasian Vernal Copper, Tomares callimachus (Eversmann, 1848). Southeast Crimea d 7 April 2009. Photographer: Morten S. Mølgaard.Locality of Caucasian Vernal Copper, Tomares callimachus (Eversmann, 1848). Southeast Crimea d 5 April 2009. Photographer: Morten S. Mølgaard.Locality of Caucasian Vernal Copper, Tomares callimachus (Eversmann, 1848). Southeast Crimea d 5 April 2009. Photographer: Tom Nygaard KristensenCaucasian Vernal Copper, Tomares callimachus (Eversmann, 1848) female. Southeast Crimea d 7 April 2009. Photographer: Tom Nygaard KristensenCaucasian Vernal Copper, Tomares callimachus (Eversmann, 1848) female. Southeast Crimea d 7 April 2009. Photographer: Tom Nygaard KristensenCaucasian Vernal Copper, Tomares callimachus (Eversmann, 1848) male. Southeast Crimea d 7 April 2009. Photographer: Morten S. Mølgaard.Caucasian Vernal Copper, Tomares callimachus (Eversmann, 1848) female. Southeast Crimea d 5 April 2009. Photographer: Tom Nygaard KristensenCaucasian Vernal Copper, Tomares callimachus (Eversmann, 1848) female. Southeast Crimea d 7 April 2009. Photographer: Morten S. Mølgaard.Caucasian Vernal Copper, Tomares callimachus (Eversmann, 1848) male. Southeast Crimea d 7 April 2009. Photographer: Morten S. Mølgaard.Caucasian Vernal Copper, Tomares callimachus (Eversmann, 1848) female laying eggs on flowerbud . Southeast Crimea d 7 April 2009. Photographer: Morten S. Mølgaard.

Caucasian  Vernal  Copper, Tomares callimachus (Eversmann, 1848) ssp.: tauricus (Korb & Yakovlev, 1998).

Another name: Caucasian  Spring  Copper. Name in Name in Turkish: Kafkasya Gelincigi.

Habitat: Dry rocky slopes with sparse vegetation, debris, beams, ravines.

Behavior: Usually sits on the soil or small stones, sometimes feeds on flowers. Males are territory-assertive, that is, they either fly up and chase anyone who dares to enter the territory, or they fly into the whirling "dance-flight" around each other high into the air in a sort of territory battle.  Females are less flying around, often seen on the flowers of nectary, or lay eggs on foodplants.

Flight season: Depending on the height above sea level, the season is from the end of March until early June. Caterpillars which feed on different Astragalus species emerge one - two weeks earlier than those which feed on Kopeechnik.

Foodplants: Astragal Sverhuvolosisty, Astragalus suprapilosus, Astragal Puzyristy, Astragalus utriger, and Sweetvetch / Kopeechnik  Vetch, Hedysarum candidum.

Distribution: recorded in a few localities on coast mountains in south-eastern Crimea, Ukraine (Karadag Nature Reserve). Georgia. Grusia. Khanlar. Azerbaijan. Turkey. Syria. Iraq and Iran.

Similar species are: Provence Hairstreak or Cardenillo, Tomares ballus (Fabricius, 1787) It is found in the Iberian Peninsula, Northern Africa and along the Mediterranean coast of Provence, France.

Author & Photographer: Morten S. Mølgaard  & Tom Nygaard Kristensen. Editor: Lars Andersen.

Astragal Sverhuvolosisty, Astragalus suprapilosus. Foodplants of Caucasian Vernal Copper, Tomares callimachus (Eversmann, 1848). Southeast Crimea d 5 April 2009. Photographer: Tom Nygaard KristensenSweetvetch / Kopeechnik  Vetch, Hedysarum candidum. Foodplants of Caucasian Vernal Copper, Tomares callimachus (Eversmann, 1848). Southeast Crimea d 5 April 2009. Photographer: Tom Nygaard KristensenAstragal Puzyristy, Astragalus utriger. Foodplants of Caucasian Vernal Copper, Tomares callimachus (Eversmann, 1848). Southeast Crimea d 5 April 2009. Photographer: Tom Nygaard Kristensen

_____________________________________________________________________________________________

Nogel's Spring Copper

Tomares nogelii, (Herrich-Schäffer,1851).

first update  d. 8 may 2009

last update d. 13 may 2009

Locality for Nogel's Hairstreak. South Crimea, Ukraine. d. 20 May 2008. Photographer: Tom Nygaard KristensenNogel's Hairstreak, Tomares nogelii, (Herrich-Schäffer,1851). South Crimea, Ukraine. d. 21 May 2008. Photographer: Tom Nygaard KristensenNogel's Hairstreak, Tomares nogelii, (Herrich-Schäffer,1851). South Crimea, Ukraine. d. 21 May 2008. Photographer: Tom Nygaard KristensenNogel's Hairstreak, Tomares nogelii, (Herrich-Schäffer,1851). South Crimea, Ukraine. d. 21 May 2008. Photographer: Tom Nygaard KristensenNogel's Hairstreak, Tomares nogelii, (Herrich-Schäffer,1851) female. South Crimea, Ukraine. d. 20 May 2008. Photographer: Tom Nygaard KristensenNogel's Hairstreak, Tomares nogelii, (Herrich-Schäffer,1851) male. South Crimea, Ukraine. d. 20  May 2008. Photographer: Tom Nygaard KristensenNogel's Hairstreak, Tomares nogelii, (Herrich-Schäffer,1851) female. South Crimea, Ukraine. d. 21 May 2008. Photographer: Tom Nygaard KristensenNogel's Hairstreak, Tomares nogelii, (Herrich-Schäffer,1851) female. South Crimea, Ukraine. d. 20  May 2008. Photographer: Tom Nygaard KristensenNogel's Hairstreak, Tomares nogelii, (Herrich-Schäffer,1851). South Crimea, Ukraine. d. 21 May 2008. Photographer: Tom Nygaard KristensenFoodplants for Nogel's Hairstreak. Astragalus ponticus. South Crimea, Ukraine. d. 20 May 2008. Photographer: Tom Nygaard KristensenNogel's Hairstreak, Tomares nogelii, (Herrich-Schäffer,1851). South Crimea, Ukraine. d. 20  May 2008. Photographer: Morten S. MølgaardNogel's Hairstreak, Tomares nogelii, (Herrich-Schäffer,1851)  female laying eggs on foodplants. South Crimea, Ukraine. d. 20  May 2008. Photographer: Tom Nygaard KristensenNogel's Hairstreak, Tomares nogelii.  Eggs on foodplants;  Astragal Pontiyski, (Astragalus ponticus). South Crimea, Ukraine. d. 20  May 2008. Photographer: Tom Nygaard KristensenNogel's Hairstreak, Tomares nogelii. Ants nurse eggs. South Crimea, Ukraine. d. 20  May 2008. Photographer: Tom Nygaard Kristensen

Nogel´s Hairstreak, Tomares nogelii  (Herrich-Schäffer,1851) ssp.: nesimachus (Oberthur, 1893)?.

Another name: Nogel's Spring Copper. Name in Turkish: Anadolu Gelincigi.

Habitat: Dry rocky slopes in open woodland especially with oak scrub.

Behavior: It is not very shy, flying low over the vegetation, sometimes taking off in high flight through the bushes or trees. Sits mainly on foodplants and other herbaceous plants. Males are territory-assertive, Females are less flying around, often seen on the flowers to nectary.  Normally it does not fly very far away from habitats, but can be seen individually in a distance up to several kilometers away from the locality!

Flight season: Flight season begins in the second week of May and until mid June.

Foodplants: Only on Astragal Pontiyski, Astragalus ponticus.

Distribution: Dobrogea, Romania†. Recorded in a few localities on coastmountains in south-eastern Crimea, Ukraine. Syria. Lebanon. Israel. Turkey. Georgia. Armenia. Kurdistan. Iraq and Iran.

Author & Photographer: Tom Nygaard Kristensen & Morten S. Mølgaard. Editor: Lars Andersen.

 


Photos, Reference and Literature:

Lepidoptera of Crimea by Vladimir Savchuk

Dagsommerfugle i Europa af Morten S. Mølgaard

Link to Diginature.nl by Johannes van Donge

Link to European Butterflies by Chris Jonko

Collins Butterfly Guide: The Most Complete Field Guide to the Butterflies of Britain and Europe by Tom Tolman and Richard Lewington 2008.


Tomarini
Tomares fedtschenkoi (Erschoff, 1874) Turkmenistan Tadzhikistan
Tomares romanovi (Christoph, 1881)
Tomares romanovi romanovi (Christoph, 1881) Armenia Azerbaijan
Tomares romanovi cyprius (Stichel, 1911) Turkmenistan
Tomares callimachus (Eversmann, 1848) Crimea Azerbaijan Turkmenistan
Tomares nogelii (Herrich-Schäffer, 1851)
Tomares nogelii dobrogensis (Caraja, 1895) Moldova Ukraine
Tomares nogelii nesimachus (Oberthür, 1893) Crimea
Tomares ballus (Fabricius, 1787) North Afrika, Portugal, Spain, France
Tomares mauretanicus (Lucas, 1849) Tunesia, Algir, Morokko

Tilbage til Svenske Dagfjärilar

Tilbage til Danske Dagsommerfugle


Swallowtails from China.

July 2006 by Tom Nygaard Kristensen


Home tilbage til forsiden