Swordtails, Riodinidae

Mariposas de Bolivia

sitio 57 

 first update d. 28 march 2009

  last update d.  16 january 2016

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hovedvejen imellem La Paz og Amazonas ved Rio Coroico d. 28 januar 2007 hvor gribbe bare venter på en trafikulykke,

The world's most dangerous highway between La Paz and the Amazon on the Rio Coroico,
where vultures waiting for a traffic accident. Yungas, Bolivia d. 28 january 2007. Photographer; Lars Andersen

Neurodes Metalmark (Siseme neurodes). Coroico. 1500 m.a. date 27 January 2007. Photographer: Lars AndersenNeurodes Metalmark (Siseme neurodes). Yolosa, Yungas, Bolivia. d. 19 januar 2006. Fotograf: Lars AndersenSiseme neurodes. Caranavi, Yungas, Bolivia d. 8 January 2010. Photographer: Lars AndersenNeurodes Metalmark (Siseme neurodes). Coroico. 1500 m.a. date 27 January 2007. Photographer: Lars Andersen

Orange-spot Duke, Siseme neurodes caudalis (H. Bates, 1868)

Siseme atrytone. Coroico, Yungas. d. 21 February 2008. Photographer: Lars AndersenSiseme atrytone. Suapi, Yungas, Bolivia. D. 20 February 2009. Photographer: Lars AndersenSiseme atrytone. Kori Wayku inca trail d. 3 February 2010. Photographer: Lars Andersen

Orange-band Duke, Siseme atrytone (Thieme, 1907)

Siseme alectryo. Kori Wayku inca trail d. 3 February 2010. Photographer: Lars AndersenAlectryo Metalmark (Siseme alectryo). Challa, Yungas, Bolivia d. 17 januar 2005. Fotograf: Lars AndersenSiseme alectryo. Caranavi d. 13 january 2010. Photographer: Lars Andersen

Twin-spot Duke, Siseme alectryo lucilius (Hopffer, 1874)

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Chorinea amazon.  Arg: Puntilla Negra. Caranavi, elev 870 m. Yungas. d. 2 february 2007. Photographer: Lars Andersen

Amazon Angel, Chorinea amazon (Sauders, 1859)

Amazon Angel, Chorinea amazon & Fabricius Angel, Chorinea octauius

The genus Chorinea comprises 8 species in tribe Riodinini in Riodinidae family. Distribution: who all are found in tropical America from Guatemala to Panama in central America, continued in southern America along the Andes mountains in countries such as Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia. And in the Amazonas from Brazil, Guyana, Paraguay and Misiones in northern Argentina.

They look very much like miniature swallowtails, with transparent wings marked with black veins. In all species the thorax is virtually devoid of "hair" and the palpi are extremely short. All Chorinea species have the same basic wing pattern but vary in the configuration and extent of the red markings on the hindwings.

Chorinea species mimics the bee's flight so any predators fail to catch them. Therefore they are also called bee-butterflies.

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Slægten Chorinea som består af 8 arter i tribe Riodinini, Riodinidae familien som alle sammen findes i tropisk America fra Guatemala til Panama i Mellemamerika, videre i Sydamerika langs Andesbjergene i lande som Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru & Bolivia. Og i Amazonas fra Brasilien, Fransk Guyana, Paraguay og Misiones i det nordlige Argentina.

De ligner små svalehaler med gennemsigtige vinger med sorte ribber & bånd med blå haler. På alle arter er thorax/ brystkassen næsten blottet for "hår" og palper/palpi er ekstrem korte. Alle Chorinea arter har samme grundlæggende ribbe mønster, som varierer i form og omfanget af de røde pletter på bagvinge analhjørne.

Chorinea arter efterligner biers flugt så eventuelle prædatore undlader at fange dem. Derfor kaldes de også Bisommerfugle.

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Chorinea amazon. Rio Zongo,  between Caranavi and Guarnay, Yungas. d. 17 February 2009. Photographer: Lars AndersenChorinea amazon. Caranavi, elev 890 m. Yungas. d. 12 february 2007. Photographer: Lars AndersenChorinea amazon. Caranavi, elev 870 m. Yungas. d. 2 february 2007. Photographer: Lars Andersen

Amazon Angel, Chorinea amazon (Sauders, 1859)

Amazon Angel, Chorinea amazon (Sauders, 1859)

Distribution:
Found in Guyana, Suriname, Ecuador, Brazil, Peru and Bolivia.

Amazonas Bisommerfugl, Chorinea amazon (Sauders, 1859)

Udbredelse:
Findes i Guyana, Surinam, Ecuador, Brasilien, Peru og Bolivia.

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Black Lace, Chorinea octauius Chorinea faunus. Rio Rufus, Taipiplaya, Caranavi, Yungas. d. 8 February 2009. Photographer: Lars AndersenBlack Lace, Chorinea octauius. Rio Rufus, Taipiplaya, Yungas. d. 8 February 2009. Photographer: Lars AndersenBlack Lace, Chorinea octauius. Rio Rufus, Taipiplaya, Caranavi, Yungas. d. 8 February 2009. Photographer: Lars AndersenBlack Lace, Chorinea octauius. Rio Rufus, Taipiplaya, Caranavi, Yungas. d. 8 February 2009. Photographer: Lars AndersenBlack Lace, Chorinea octauius. Rio Rufus, Taipiplaya, Caranavi, Yungas. d. 8 February 2009. Photographer: Lars AndersenBlack Lace, Chorinea octauius. Rio Rufus, Taipiplaya, Caranavi, Yungas. d. 8 February 2009. Photographer: Lars AndersenBlack Lace, Chorinea octauius. Caranavi, Yungas. d. 18 February 2009. Photographer: Lars AndersenBlack Lace, Chorinea octauius. Caranavi elev. 810 m. d.  24 January 2012. Photographer: Lars AndersenBlack Lace, Chorinea octauius. Caranavi elev. 810 m. d.  24 January 2012. Photographer: Lars Andersen

Fabricius Angel, Chorinea octauius (Fabricius, 1787)

Fabricius Angel, Chorinea octauius (Fabricius, 1787) syn. C. faunus

Habitats:
C. amazon & C. octauius found in the rainforest at altitudes between about 200-1000m, usually near streams. As all Chorinea species are very local and hard to find.

Behaviour :
The butterflies spend most of their time up in the trees, but there are also observed small groups of 5-12 butterflies. on the underside of the leaves at a height of about 5 m. The surface of the ground is almost always be seen individually. They fly in bright sunlight and can occasionally be found sucking minerals and pee on sand banks along streams. If the butterfly feels threatened, it radiates a yellow liquid from a gland on the chest.

Life cycle:
The eggs are pink and finely sculpted. They are laid in groups of up to a total of approximately 160 pieces on the underside of the leaves of the host plant which includes
Prionostemma (Hippocrataceae) and Maytenus (Celastraceae) species. The newly hatched larvae are sitting in small groups, gnawing on the upper surface of the leaf. After the third stage they eat separately on the leaf, each larva lives in his own leaves which is spun. Chrysalis is also formed in the leaf are wound together.

Distribution:
Found in Colombia, Venezuela, Suriname, Ecuador, Brazil, Peru and Bolivia.

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Caranavi, Yungas, Bolivia  d. 22 january 2010. Photographer; Lars Andersen

Fabricius Angel, Chorinea octauius (Fabricius, 1787)

Fabricius Bisommerfugl, Chorinea octauius (Fabricius, 1787) syn. C. faunus.

Levested:
C. amazon & C. octauius findes i regnskoven fra højder mellem ca. 200-1000m, som regel i nærheden af vandløb. Som alle Chorinea arter er de meget lokale og svære at finde.

Adfærd:
Sommerfuglene tilbringer det meste af deres tid oppe i trækronerne, men der er også observeret små grupper a 5-12 stk. på undersiden af bladene i en højde på omkring 5 m. Ved jordoverfladen ses de er næsten altid enkeltvis. De flyver i fuldt solskin, og kan lejlighedsvis findes sugende mineraler og tis på sandbanker langs vandløb. Hvis sommerfuglen føler sig truet, udstråler den en gul væske fra en kirtel på brystkassen.

Livscyklus:
Æggene er rosafarvet og fint skulpturelle. De lægges i grupper af op til ca. 160 stk. på undersiden af bladene på værtsplante som omfatter
Prionostemma (Hippocrataceae) og Maytenus (Celastraceae) arter. De nyklækket larver sidder i små grupper, gnaver på den øvre overflade af bladet. Efter 3. stadie spiser de enkeltvis på bladet, hver larve lever i sin egen blad som er spundet sammen. Puppe dannes også i blad der er spundet sammen.

Udbredelse:
Findes i Colombia, Venezuela, Surinam, Ecuador, Brasilien, Peru & Bolivia.

Fabricius Angel, Chorinea octauius (Fabricius, 1787) with yellow spot on rearwing. Garrapatuni, Caranavi, Yungas, Bolivia January 15, 2016. Photographer; Peter MøllmannFabricius Angel, Chorinea octauius (Fabricius, 1787) with yellow spot on rearwing. Garrapatuni, Caranavi, Yungas, Bolivia January 15, 2016. Photographer; Peter Møllmann

Fabricius Angel, Chorinea octauius (Fabricius, 1787) with yellow spot on rearwing.
Garrapatuni, Caranavi, Yungas, Bolivia January 15, 2016. Photographer; Peter Møllmann

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Two Chorinea species from Yungas-Bolivia by Peter Møllmann on Vimeo.

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Peter Møllmann filmer sommerfugle. Yolosa, elev. 1200 m. Yungas, Bolivia 18th January 2012. Photographer: Lars Andersen

Peter Møllmann filmming butterflies. Yolosa, elev. 1200 m. Yungas, Bolivia 18th January 2012. Photographer: Lars Andersen

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Sylphina Angel, Chorinea sylphina

Chorinea sylphina. Oxapampa, elev 1600 m. Peru. d. 4 december 2006. Photographer: Moriaan Zwart

Sylphina Angel, Chorinea sylphina (H. Bates, 1868). Oxapampa, elev 1600 m. Peru d. 4 december 2006. Photographer; Moriaan Zwart

Chorinea sylphina. The old railroad / Kori Wayku inca trail, Yungas, elev. 2000 m. 27 January 2009. Photographer: Lars Andersen Chorinea sylphina. The old railroad / Kori Wayku inca trail, Yungas, elev. 2000 m. 27 January 2009. Photographer: Peter MøllmannChorinea sylphina. Cascades de Sacramento Alto , Bolivia d. 4 february 2010. Photographer; Lars AndersenChorinea sylphina. Kori Wayku inca trail, Yungas, Bolivia d. 1 february 2010. Photographer; Lars AndersenChorinea sylphina. Kori Wayku inca trail, Yungas, Bolivia d. 1 february 2010. Photographer; Lars AndersenChorinea sylphina. Kori Wayku inca trail, Yungas, Bolivia d. 1 february 2010. Photographer; Lars Andersen

Sylphina Angel, Chorinea sylphina (H. Bates, 1868)

Sylphina Angel, Chorinea sylphina (H. Bates, 1868)

Habitats:
Found in the cloud forest , from altitudes between 1,400 to 2,800 meters. Are extremely rare and local in small ravines where they sit on the sand banks along streams, I have only seen it a few times in Yungas, Bolivia.

Distribution:
Found in the Andes Mountains eastern slopes of Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia.

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Andes Bisommerfugl, Chorinea sylphina (H. Bates, 1868)

Habitats:
Findes i tågeskoven, fra højder mellem ca. 1400 til 2800 m.h. Er yderst sjælden og lokal i små raviner hvor de sidder på sandbanker langs vandløb, jeg selv har kun set den få gange i Yungas, Bolivia.

Udbredelse:
Findes på Andesbjergenes østlige bjergskråninger i Ecuador, Peru og Bolivia.

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Meliboeus Swordtail, Ancyluris meliboeus. Suapi, Yungas, Bolivia. D. 28 January 2009. Photographer: Lars AndersenMeliboeus Swordtail, Ancyluris meliboeus. Suapi, Yungas, Bolivia. D. 28 January 2009. Photographer: Lars AndersenMeliboeus Swordtail, Ancyluris meliboeus. Suapi, Yungas, Bolivia. D. 28 January 2009. Photographer: Lars AndersenCaranavi, Yungas. d. 3 February 2009. Photographer: Lars AndersenMeliboeus Swordtail, Ancyluris meliboeus. Suapi, Yungas, Bolivia. D. 20 February 2009. Photographer: Lars Andersen

Redline Doctor, Ancyluris meliboeus eudamon (Stichel, 1910).

Ancyluris eudaemon. Vagantes, Yungas, Bolivia. d. 25 januar 2006. Fotograf: Lars AndersenEn metalvinge fra Challa, Yungas, i Januar 2005. Fotograf: Lars AndersenChalla,  between Caranavi and Coroico, Yungas. d. 25 February 2008. Photographer: Lars Andersen

 Ancyluris rubrofilum (Stichel, 1909)?

Taipiplaya, Caranavi, elev. 800 m. d.  22 January 2012. Photographer: Lars AndersenMeliboeus Swordtail, Ancyluris meliboeus. Suapi, Yungas, Bolivia. D. 21 February 2009. Photographer: Lars AndersenCaranavi, elev. 1000 m. d.  23 January 2012. Photographer: Lars Andersen

Ancyluris tedea silvicultrix (Stichel, 1909)?

Caranavi, elev. 1000 m. d.  27 January 2012. Photographer: Lars AndersenCaranavi, elev. 1000 m. d.  21 January 2012. Photographer: Lars Andersen

Ancyluris etias mendita (H. Druce, 1904)?

Challa,  between Caranavi and Coroico, Yungas. d. 25 February 2008. Photographer: Lars AndersenChalla,  between Caranavi and Coroico, Yungas. d. 25 February 2008. Photographer: Lars AndersenChalla,  between Caranavi and Coroico, Yungas. d. 25 February 2008. Photographer: Lars AndersenSuapi. 1800 m.a. date 27 January 2007. Photographer: Lars AndersenMeliboeus Swordtail, Ancyluris meliboeus. Suapi, Yungas, Bolivia. D. 21 February 2009. Photographer: Lars AndersenCaranavi, Yungas. d. 3 February 2009. Photographer: Lars AndersenCaranavi, Yungas. d. 12 February 2009. Photographer: Lars AndersenCaranavi, Yungas. d. 3 February 2009. Photographer: Lars Andersen

Ancyluris etias mendita (H. Druce, 1904)?

Ancyluris mira. Suapi, Yungas, Bolivia. D. 20 February 2009. Photographer: Lars AndersenAncyluris mira. Suapi, Yungas, Bolivia. D. 20 February 2009. Photographer: Lars AndersenAncyluris mira. Suapi, Yungas, Bolivia. D. 20 February 2009. Photographer: Lars AndersenAncyluris mira. Suapi, Yungas, Bolivia. D. 20 February 2009. Photographer: Lars AndersenAncyluris mira. Suapi, Yungas, Bolivia. D. 20 February 2009. Photographer: Lars AndersenAncyluris mira. Suapi, Yungas, Bolivia. D. 20 February 2009. Photographer: Lars AndersenAncyluris mira. Suapi, Yungas, Bolivia. D. 20 February 2009. Photographer: Lars AndersenAncyluris mira. Suapi, Yungas, Bolivia. D. 20 February 2009. Photographer: Lars AndersenAncyluris mira. Suapi, Yungas, Bolivia. D. 20 February 2009. Photographer: Lars Andersen

Mira's Doctor, Ancyluris mira mira (Hetwitson, 1874)

Inca Swordtail, Ancyluris inca miranda. Suapi, Yungas, Bolivia. D. 28 January 2009. Photographer: Lars AndersenInca Swordtail, Ancyluris inca miranda. Suapi, Yungas, Bolivia. D. 28 January 2009. Photographer: Lars AndersenInca Swordtail, Ancyluris inca miranda. Suapi, Yungas, Bolivia. D. 28 January 2009. Photographer: Lars AndersenInca Swordtail, Ancyluris inca miranda. Suapi, Yungas, Bolivia. D. 28 January 2009. Photographer: Lars AndersenInca Swordtail, Ancyluris inca miranda & Neurodes Metalmark, Siseme neurodes. Suapi, Yungas, Bolivia. D. 28 January 2009. Photographer: Lars AndersenInca Swordtail, Ancyluris inca miranda. Caranavi, Yungas, Bolivia. D. 16 January 2010. Photographer: Lars AndersenInca Swordtail, Ancyluris inca miranda. Caranavi, Yungas, Bolivia. D. 16 January 2010. Photographer: Lars Andersen

Inca Doctor, Ancyluris inca miranda (Hetwitson, 1874)

Dyson's Swordtail, (Rhetus dysonii). På vejen imellem Yolosa og San Juan de Miel i Januar 2005. Fotograf: Lars AndersenDyson's Swordtail, Rhetus dysonii. Suapi, Yungas, Bolivia. D. 28 January 2009. Photographer: Lars AndersenDyson's Swordtail, Rhetus dysonii. Suapi, Yungas, Bolivia. D. 28 January 2009. Photographer: Lars AndersenDyson's Swordtail, Rhetus dysonii. Suapi, Yungas, Bolivia. D. 28 January 2009. Photographer: Lars Andersen

Dyson's Blue Doctor, Rhetus dysonii pseca (Sauders, 1850)

En metalvinge fra Yungas, på vejen imellem Yolosa og Challa i Januar 2005. Fotograf: Lars AndersenPeriander Swordtail, (Rhetus periander).  Caranavi, Yungas, Bolivia. d. 28 januar 2006. Fotograf: Lars AndersenPeriander Swordtail, Rhetus periander.  Suapi, Yungas, Bolivia. D. 20 February 2009. Photographer: Lars AndersenPeriander Swordtail, (Rhetus periander).  Rio Zongo,  between Caranavi and Guarnay, Yungas. d. 2 February 2008. Photographer: Lars AndersenPeriander Swordtail, (Rhetus periander).  Caranavi, Yungas. d. 2 february 2007. Photographer: Lars AndersenPeriander Swordtail, (Rhetus periander).  Caranavi, Yungas. d. 28 January 2008. Photographer: Lars AndersenPeriander Swordtail, (Rhetus periander).  Rio Zongo,  between Caranavi and Guarnay, Yungas. d. 31 January 2009. Photographer: Lars AndersenPeriander Swordtail, (Rhetus periander).  Rio Zongo,  between Caranavi and Guarnay, Yungas. d. 31 January 2009. Photographer: Lars Andersen

Blue Doctor, Rhetus periander arthuriana (Sharpe, 1890) & Rhetus periander laonome (Morisse, 1838)

Arcius Swordtail (Rhetus arcius). Caranavi, Yungas. d. 30 january 2007. Photographer: Lars AndersenArcius Swordtail (Rhetus arcius). Caranavi, Yungas. d. 30 january 2007. Photographer: Lars AndersenArcius Swordtail (Rhetus arcius). Caranavi, Yungas. d. 30 january 2007. Photographer: Lars AndersenArcius Swordtail (Rhetus arcius). Caranavi, Yungas. d. 30 january 2007. Photographer: Lars AndersenArcius Swordtail (Rhetus arcius). Rio Zongo,  between Caranavi and Guarnay, Yungas. d. 26 January 2008. Photographer: Lars AndersenArcius Swordtail (Rhetus arcius). Caranavi, Yungas. d. 9 february 2007. Photographer: Lars AndersenArcius Swordtail, Rhetus arcius. Caranavi, Yungas, Bolivia d. 16 January 2010. Photographer; Lars Andersen

Sword-tailed Doctor, Rhetus arcius huana (Saunders, 1859)

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The world's most dangerous road

hovedvejen imellem La Paz og Amazonas ved Rio Coroico d. 28 januar 2007 hvor gribbe bare venter på en trafikulykke,

The world's most dangerous highway between La Paz and the Amazon on the Rio Coroico where it has started to rain,
Yungas, Bolivia d. 28 januar 2007. Photographer; Lars Andersen

hovedvejen imellem La Paz og Amazonas ved Rio Coroico d. 28 januar 2007 hvor gribbe bare venter på en trafikulykke,

Verdens farligste hovedvej imellem La Paz og Amazonas ved Rio Coroico hvor det er begyndt at regne,
Yungas, Bolivia d. 28 januar 2007. Fotograf; Lars Andersen

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Athena Euselasia  (Euselasia athena). Coroico 1800 m.a., Yungas. d. 24 january 2008. Photographer: Lars Andersen

Euselasiinae & Riodininae

sitio 55

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Mariposas de Bolivia 

Enero 2009

por Peter Møllmann y Lars Andersen

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