Butterflies are rare, immigrants
or extinct in Denmark
update d. 19 January 2014
update d. 9 October 2018
resident butterflies species in Denmark
Skipper, Pyrgus armoricanus is one
of Denmark's rarest butterflies, and is only
available on the western Zealand on Røsnæs.
Store Vrøj by Saltbæk Vig, Kalkred / Kalundborg
Airfield & 2 locations on Vesterlyng.
Carterocephalus silvicola located in Hydeskov,
Hamburg Skov & Storskov v. Søholt south of
Maribo lakes in the Eastern Lolland. It has been
more prevalent on Lolland and Falster.
Large Chequered Skipper, Heteropterus
morpheus is re-colonized in 2010, now
there are two populations in eastern Falster.
Perhaps there is also a neglected population at
Large Blue, Maculinea
now only back on Høvbleget, Møn where there is a
nature conservation of the hilly grassland,
concerning the population of Large Blue and
orchids. There is also trying to re-introduction
of Large Blue in Jydeleje, Møn.
Mountain Argus, Aricia
artaxerxes found in northwestern Vendsyssel
around Hirtshals, from Lønstrup Strand to
Skiveren where it is locally numerous.
Sooty Copper, Lycaena
found in Hannenov Skov in 1998, but it has disappeared
from again in 2000. Now, in 1999, discovered a small
colony on South Falster which has established
several small colonies from Gedesby to Marielyst
Dige. Have otherwise disappeared from Denmark
where it was in Svanninge Bakker 1986 of southern Fyn.
Pearl-bordered Fritillary, Boloria
euphrosyne there are still a few
populations in the forests around Køge, Fakse,
Præstø and Ringsted in Central and South
Zealand and Lolland and Falster, approximately a
total of 10 -12 localities in 2012. Which
at only 2 localities have meta-populations, are
very close to disappearing from Denmark!
Lesser Purple Emperor, Apatura
ilia have immigrated to the
Pinseskoven on Vestamager in 2011, where
it has since established themselves. There also
observed 1 pc he Fasanskoven 2012 and 1 pc.
he Amager Fælled in 2013.
Immigrants in Denmark since 1995
seen as a rare visitor in May, June and hot
August days when the wind has blown from the
south and east. Previously, there it firmly in
Denmark, and was common in Jutland. But in the 50s
it began to disappear, the channelization of
streams and more efficient farming pressed it
away, the last permanent population in Denmark
disappeared from Filsø at Henne Strand in 1978 .
Scarce Swallowtail, Iphiclides
podalirius is a relative of Swallowtail, which is seen as a rare
visitor in Denmark. Last time on Bøtø Diget,
Falster by John Faldborg on August 18, 2012? In 1997, on Bornholm and in 1998 at South Zealand.
Otherwise you have to go back 100 years, north of
Copenhagen, Hellerup, May 9,
it might be introduced with div. fruit trees? See
article: Sommerfugle flytter mod
Eastern Bath White, Pontia
as rare passage migrant in hot August days, can
breed in mustard fields and construction sites
around. In 2002 and 2011 there was a great migration in
southeastern Denmark, where they succeeded in
establishing colonies where next year the early
summer could see a few newly hatched individuals.
Moorland Clouded Yellow, Colias
seen as a rare visitor in North Jutland and
Zealand from Sweden and Norway. But the hot
summers, the trait is absent, last seen in
numbers in 1992. Where were seen more than 200
butterflies. There's was also in 1993 reported some
discoveries. Last seen at Melby Overdrev 1999.
Pale Clouded Yellow, Colias
a migrate south in Denmark, found in lucerne and
clover fields, is a rapid flying, soon to flower,
however late in the day more calm. The male is
known to the yellow in flight, the female is
yellow-white. In 2009 there was a great migration in
Colias crocea seen as rare
passage migrant in hot August days, can breed in
lucerne fields around the southeastern Denmark.
Since 2000, almost every year has been
higher level of immigration in Denmark.
Bronze, Cacyreus marshalli is found
on 11th July 2011 at Bøtø Dige by Klaus
larval gnawing and larval is found in Aarhus V,
Jutland by Svend Kaaber 25th August 2013. Is a South African who
was introduced to Mallorca with a lot Geraniums
to horticulture in 1987, since it has spread all over the
island. In 1991 it was found in a garden in
Brussels, Belgium, in 1992 it was found in Spain,
in Rome, Italy in 1996 and the South of France 1997, Sussex, England 1997. It is under observation
status in Denmark because every year in
neighboring countries are found in the open air
in the gardens of geraniums.
Lampides boeticus (Linnaeus,
in temperate regions of the world. Can fly from
southern Europe with Germany and England. Often
seen flying in lucerne/alfalfa fields, and can be
found as a pest of cultivated peas. Found in
Denmark since March 2006 in some imported peas
from Kenya at the local grocer by Steffen
Johansen, Værløse. Later many finds in
mangetout peas from the Coop Supermarked like
Kvivkly and Brugsen also in 2012. It is in Denmark under
observation status because each year in
neighboring countries are found as from England where it may have
Scarce Tortoiseshell, Nymphalis
xanthomelas is seen as a rare visitor in
eastern Denmark since 2003 and 2004, last seen in 2011, 2012 & 2013. Similar to be confused Large
Tortoiseshell where Scarce Tortoiseshell has more jagged blade
shape and cleaner red base color on top. Wider
Black hem that is less sharply defined inward. As
well as brighter yellow hairy legs, which can be
seen when you are close enough! Its feed plant is
Elm and Willow.
Large Tortoiseshell, Nymphalis
polychloros seen as rare migrating from
Sweden during hot summers. Previously, the
permanent in eastern Denmark, where it lived in
the many cherry plantations in North Zealand,
Falster and Lolland, but disappeared in the 80s . In rare cases on
Bornholm in 2004, there have been laying eggs!.
Its feed plant is Elm, Willow, Aspen, Bird Cherry,
Pear and Apple. Last seen in 2013.
Admiral, Vanessa atalanta seen as normal migratory guest in
Denmark, the first arriving in May, and they
reproduce in Denmark, which hatch from July to
August. In autumn they fly south to the countries
around the Mediterranean Sea, where the mild
winter months, no freezing. In warm winter months
the through the winter in Denmark. Where on sunny
days can be seen on træes stems where they enjoy
the low winter sun.
Lady, Vanessa cardui viewed in Denmark as
regular immigrants from the south, with varying
frequency, in 2003, 2006 and 2009, the common everywhere. They are
seen flying as high up as in Lapland and northern
Norway. In 2011 and 2012 there were only small immigration
in Denmark. In 2013 there was a normal migration in
southeastern Denmark. In autumn they fly south
down to the Mediterranean region and northwestern
Africa in the Atlas mountains valleys.
Pallas's Fritillary, Argynnis
first danish discoveries of this large fritillary
were in Ølene, Bornholm 8th
by Fritz Raae and No 2 from Kroghage, Falster 22th
by Jan Fischer Rasmussen. And the third finding
was on the eastern Bornholm 5 females in August
2003 by Per Falck and Brian?.
Marbled White, Melanargia
is found occasionally on Langeland, 1996 & Falster in 1997. In 2012, found a population at a rest
area in Holstein in northern Germany along the
highway 65 km south of the Danish border; Skakbræt?
invade to Denmark from the south with the the
warmer climate, article from DMI.
Random immigrant before 1995
Skipper, Pyrgus serratulae may or may not find a
single occasion in Denmark Strognæs Dige,
Lolland in June, 1909. Olive Skipper has more recently
extinct in northern Germany, so it is doubtful
whether this species will again show up in
Denmark. See the link.
at the Zoological Museum in Copenhagen and the
Natural History Museum in Aarhus are the 5 known
Danish examples of Apollo. The last finding is
from Tibirke Bakker in 1942 when the poet Hans
Hartvig Seedorff Petersen found some wing bits in his shed.
Additionally known several unverified sightings
of the species in Denmark.
Purple Shot Copper, Lycaena
which is known only in 2 pcs from the dike at
Bøtø, Falster, in 1939. Is probably blown over from
Rugen, Northern Germany. Really surprising that
it is not rediscovered?
Green-underside Blue, Glaucopsyche
is known from two danish discoveries,
respectively Roden Skov Lolland, in 1957 and Læsø in 1987. The latter finding is
interesting because it found all over Sweden in
the archipelago on the west coast locally common.
So it's probably not the last time it can be
found in Denmark.
Comma, Nymphalis vaualbum there is in Denmark
known from 4 examples found at two locations,
respectively Copenhagen, Zealand and Sønderby on
Funen. All are from 1901. It is found over the same period
in Sweden and Finland. Available as an rare
immigrant in eastern Poland, Romania and Hungary.
Looks like a little Comma, just a little bigger! See the link.
Scarce Fritillary, Euphydryas
in Denmark, known two specimens from Rosningen
Skov on the northwest Lolland approx. 1890 caught by E. Skafte. That there are two
specimens indicates that it has been the last
remnants of a population in Denmark, but we will
probably not know for sure today? It existed
until 1950 widespread in Schleswig, northern
Arran Brown, Erebia
found four specimens in Denmark, the last
specimens is from Christiansø, 1979. Found common from
Småland up to Lapmarken in Sweden.
known only from a single discoveries from
Skjoldenæsholm, Lolland around the year of 1870. Previously, common in
northern Germany, but now added 300 to 400 km.
south of Denmark before it shows up. So it is not
likely that it shows up again. See the link.
Northern Wall Brown, Lasiommata
petropolitana is known in Denmark only from 2
discoveries, respectively. Farum 1912, and Egebæksvang 1959 in North Zealand.
Available in Sweden from Småland and north,
rarely seen in Skåne. With the warmer climate
will disappear from southern Sweden in recent
Large Wall Brown, Lasiommata
only known from 4 safe discoveries, respectively
Gribskov 1910, Bøllemosen 1963 and Ellekilde and Rønne
around 1900. In addition, there to several
uncertain information on fund on Zealand. Found
locally common in most parts of Sweden except
Skåne and Blekinge where it disappeared in
recent times because of the warmer climate.
only known in Denmark from the discovery of wing
bits on a window sill in a cottage in Klitmøller,
Thy, 1978! It will be seen regularly in a
row along the coasts of England and Ireland. It
is also found on the Swedish west coast 2 times
in recent times. There are small populations in
Spain and Portugal and the Canary Islands. In
addition to found in 1978, is seen sometimes more in
Denmark, but it is enough butterflies escaped
from butterfly farms? Last seen in Årsdale on
the island on July 5, 2013 by Arne Møller.
Butterflies are extinct after 1995
Cryptic Wood White, Leptidea
juvernica it has
been found to Wood White to be a cryptic twin species with
the the presence of both species represented in
Denmark. These are, respectively. the familiar Leptidea
sinapis and the
recently described (1989) Leptidea reali now called L. juvernica. It has been found that all
Bornholm discoveries belonging to the species L. juvernica. As was found in Almindingen,
Bornholm until 2004.
Black Hairstreak, Satyrium
living a hidden life in blackthorn scrub. Last
seen in Toreby Skov, Lolland, in 1995. Except for a individual
find (Trelde Næs, 1936 - two individuals) in Jutland, is
the only known from Zealand and Lolland-Falster.
Almost Denmark found it now in southern Sweden in
Skåne the east of Helsingborg.
Weaver's Fritillary, Boloria
found in Denmark in 2003 on the dike at Marienlyst,
Falster by the Norwegian Rune
who was on vacation in cottage near the dike.
There are small populations in northern Poland
and Germany along the Baltic Sea where it's most
likely came from. It was at the Marienlyst the
next year locally common in 2004 - 2005. But it went down in
numbers dramatically in 2006. And has not been
found since, and believe me, there are many who
have been looking for this!
Heath, Coenonympha arcania known only from a few
small oakforest in Jutland. Last seen in Hald Ege
at Viborg, where it apparently became extinct as
recently as 1996. It was on its last habitat
brought a bicycle path. Glory be its memorial.
Lars Andersen 4 october
Butterflies are extinct before 1995
Clouded Apollo, Parnassius
last seen in Jægerspris Nordskov, Denmark, in 1961. Except one
discoveries from Odense and some specimens from
Langeland, there is no guarantee discoveries
outside Zealand and Lolland-Falster. The nearest
locations are in Blekinge, Sweden.
Wood White, Leptidea
it has been found to is actually split into two
twin species with the the presence of both
species in Denmark. These are, respectively. the
well known Wood White, Leptidea sinapis and the newly described Cryptic
Wood White, Leptidea
Juvernica / reali, (1989). Wood
eventually found in Jutland in 1976. And may thus be
considered to be extinct in Denmark. Before it is
also found in several places in Jutland, along
Gudenåen, Jutland, Zealand and North Zealand. Wood
disappeared at the same rate as application
running ended in Denmark.
Ilex Hairstreak, Satyrium
was the Jutland oak scrubs's character species.
Last seen in Hvidding Krat, 1992 between Viborg and
Randers. Ensure findings is only from 7
localities in Jutland. It must unfortunately be
considered as extinct in Denmark. The nearest
locations are now in eastern Skåne, Sweden.
Large Copper, Lycaena
extinct in Denmark. Only known from a single
location in Denmark, Horreby Lyng in Falster,
where the species was first seen in 1934 and was the site until 1955. Unfortunately,
the subspecies found in northern Germany
disappeared from its locations. But now it seems
the subspecies found in Poland, is spreading
because of the warmer climate, so maybe it will
again immigrate to Denmark in the near future?
Duke of Burgundy
its habitats are deciduous forest meadows, a
special habitat where the old application running
on creating the right conditions for it where
primroses had good growing conditions, it was
especially the older plants the larva of Duke of
Burgundy Fritillary preferred. Now deciduous forest
meadow and butterfly disappeared from Denmark,
where it was last seen in Allindelille Fredskov
in 1960. Known from a dozen
localities on Zealand. Found in the south of
Sweden in central Småland and Öland where it is
locally common in Mittlandsskogen.
Poplar Admiral, Limenitis
was found in the Roden Skov on Lolland, where the
species was discovered in 1942 by Michael
and was there until 1961. Besides Roden Skov,
species is found only from a few locality in
eastern Denmark on Zealand and Lolland. Located
in the Swedish forests where it lives in forest
clearings with old aspen. Looks like superficial
one Purple Emperor but known easily on its
red, silver, white underside.
False-heath Fritilary, Melitaea
diamina it was last seen in Mølleå
dalen, North Zealand in 1982.
The species was once widespread on the island of
Funen and Zealand with the individual occurrences
in Jutland, Bornholm and Lolland-Falster. Now is
the nearest locality in southern Sweden, from
Skåne and Öland up to Söderhamn. The False-heath
Fritilary is reintroduced in North Zealand
Heath, Coenonympha hero last seen in
Lellinge Frihed of Køge, Zealand, June 1982 by the author (Lars
that flew only 2 adults around a newly planted
pineforest, so it was only a matter of time
before it disappeared. It was finally at two
locations by respectively; Vemmetofte and
Lellinge Frihed. The species previously exist in
many places in Zealand, including in Nordskoven
at Jægerspris where it was last viewed in 1957 .
Lars Andersen 4
Status of Danish
butterflies species from 1870 til 2013.
In 2007 reached an all
time low for butterflies species in
Denmark. With immigrants includeret was
known 65 species of
butterflies, of which 60 were resident
species in Denmark.
and exciting butterflies discoveries on Dofbasen.dk
which is questionable or faulty.
most serious species portal about birds,
just not butterflies?
It was in the autumn of 2011 found amazing
butterflies observations on Dofbasen.dk. It was Emil
took discoveries of DOFbasen, afterwards he sent
an email to me if these findings could be right?
I could say no to, most can be attributed to
people's lack of knowledge about butterflies that
mistaken reports in time-consuming and may not be
used for fauna discovery. In the fall of 2011, Erling
controls on the Dofbasen.dk and made these findings
cleaned out of the list.
links to Fugleognatur and Naturephotos where the exciting
discovery of rare butterflies in Denmark was
Former butterflies found in
Denmark which is questionable or faulty.
Chequered Skipper, Carterophalus
Ekkodalen, Bornholm in late July 1954 by Ole
Berger's Clouded Yellow, Colias
alfacariensis It is difficult to say a certain
characteristic, a common feature is the wing tips
are more rounded, and the male has a more warm
yellow color than Pale Yellow Clouded! Known from 3 findings
in Denmark (Kruså, 1950 (2 male). Nr. Søby, 1959 (1 male)), but
recognized many years later due to very similar
to Pale Clouded Yellow, Colias
The findings first published in 1982. All three were taken by
H. J. Henriksen together with Ib
made the excellent book: "Scandinavia butterflies in nature", 1982. Latest news
is there are doubts about the findings.
Geranium Argus, Eumedonia
is maybe found at Blåvand north of Esbjerg in 1997. Latest news that
there is insufficient documentation about found
Woodland Brown, Lopinga
from Lyngby Mose June 1895 is questionable.
also Lepidopteologisk Society page on Potential new danish butterflies.
Butterflies found in our
neighboring countries, as one can expect to see
Lulworth Skipper, Thymelicus
1775) found south of Denmark in northern Germany
to Spain in the south, and North Africa. There is
also a small colony of chalk cliff in southern
England. It is a species that might establish
itself in southern Denmark in Lolland-Falster?
Lars Andersen d. 16
Tailed Blue, Everes
argiades (Pallas, 1771) is found
several times in the Baltic Sea area in southern
Finland, where it has a shorter period
established populations. In Sweden, several
times found on Gotland 1940 to 2012. And 2
pcs. 24/25 July
2011; Ajke, Ekeviken, Fårö close to
Meadow Brown, Hyponephele
lycaon (Rottemburg, 1775) located in
northern Poland. Perhaps the one with the warmer
climate showing up in southern Denmark?
Butterflies which found that invasive/introduced in Denmark
Butterflies from Scandinavia